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【分享】一些MacOS歷史資料

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發表於 2001-11-27 00:10 |顯示全部樓層
Mac OS X Server aka Rhapsody,NeXTSTEP 4 Mac!
  
AWESOME! This is one of the biggest parts of Apple history, Mac OS X Server 1. Mac OS X Server 1 has NO RELATION to Mac OS X or Mac OS X Server 10.0 that we use today. Mac OS X Server 1 was the release version of Rhapsody, the Macintosh version of NeXT OpenStep 4.2. Here's a little history on NeXT, Apple, Rhapsody, Mac OS X Server 1, and everything in between:
  
1980s:
  
- Steve Jobs gets kicked out of Apple. Ego too big.
  
- Steve Jobs forms NeXT, honestly the most advanced and best computer company out there, with one problem...
  
- NeXT introduces their first computer, the NeXTcube. It is gorgeous, fast, innovative, and gets glowing reviews. The Operating System was incredible, had a great UI, and had Cocoa programming language, which meant that you could make an app in your spare time, yes, it was that easy! But, it cost over $6,500, way out of the leauge most people were willing to pay for a computer.
  
1992:
  
- NeXT decides not to sell computers anymore. They will become a software-only company. They introduce NeXTSTEP 3.3 for Intel computers, and again, glowing reviews, but costs far over the $300 for Winblows at the time.
  
1994:
  
- Apple announces that by 1995 they will have a fully modern Mac OS on the market, featuring preemptive multitasking, true virtual memory, and protected memory.
  
- Apple announces name: Copland.
  
1995:
  
- Apple announces OpenDoc.
  
- Apple announces that Copland will not feature preemptive multitasking yet, but a later release, Gershwin, will. They also explain some new features, like themes, a scalable user environment, fully PowerPC native system, System 7 compatibility, etc., and the fact that Copland IS OpenDoc; everything, including the finder, is a “container”. This is very promising. BTW, OpenDoc was a great, Java-like technology. You’ll read all about it in this book, and actually USE it on the Copland CD included!
  
- Apple announces that Copland is taking longer than expected; it will ship in mid-1996.
  
- Apple ships the Copland Driver Development Kit 0.1 to developers. The DDK 0.1 requires not only a NuBus PowerPC machine to run, but a 68040 machine connected to the PowerPC as a debugger.
  
1996:
  
- Apple ships the Copland Driver Development Kit 0.3 to developers. Still needs a debugger machine connected, but this is a much better release. Apple also puts some great features into this release, like QuickTime, QuickTime VR, QuickTime Conferencing, QuickDraw GX, QuickDraw 3D, etc.
  
- Apple announces that Copland will ship in late 1996.
  
- Apple ships the Copland Driver Development Kit 0.4. This is the best release to date. No debugger required! The finder was stable and full-featured, OpenDoc and all those great Apple technologies were really coming together, etc. Things were looking up, and developers were slowly warming to Copland.
  
- Apple decides to kill OpenDoc, they don’t want to compete with Java, even though OpenDoc was a possibly better technology. Uh-oh...Isn’t Copland as a whole OpenDoc?
  
- Apple kills Copland.
  
1997:
  
- Apple needs a new OS plan FAST. They realize that they can't design a new OS in-house. They need to go to another company. They look into Be, NeXT, and salvaging Copland in some way. They chose NeXT, Inc.
  
- Apple announces that they've bought NeXT, Inc., and that the NeXT Mac OS will be dubbed Rhapsody. Rhapsody will feature all of NeXTSTEP's strengths, including preemptive multitasking, protected memory, advanced virtual memory, groundbreaking graphics and imaging, bulletproof stability, etc., combined with the Mac OS's and Copland's strengths, like the platinum UI, maximum ease-of-use, and great hardware/software compatibility.
  
- Apple talks about the Blue Box (Today known as Classic), which will provide compatibility for all of the System 7 apps available. Apple also talks about the Yellow Box, which will enable developers to make apps for Windows, Rhapsody, Java, and the Mac OS ALL AT THE SAME TIME. These Rhapsody features make headlines, and soon later Apple ships the Rhapsody Developer Release.
  
- Apple ships Mac OS 8. This was the biggest update to the Mac OS since the very beginning. Features include multitasking, fast VM, desktop intergrated internet, full multithreading, multiprocessor support, the Copland PowerPC native Finder, advanced Find, a new system nanokernel (providing great levels of stability), contextual menus, pop-up windows, and so much more. People were very happy, and I guess they kind of forgot about Rhapsody for a while, because 8.0 was a truly great OS.
  
1998:
  
- Apple ships the Rhapsody Developer Release 2 and Blue Box CDs. Developers and consumers are very excited, and Rhapsody begins to be well-known. Apple says that Rhapsody Premier Release will ship in late 1998.
  
- Apple announces Mac OS X. Mac OS X is Rhapsody, with a great new programming API, named Carbon. Carbon allows Mac OS programmers to easily convert classic Mac OS apps to be easily converted to Mac OS X Cocoa apps, taking advantage of Mac OS X's advanced features. It will ship sometime in 1999.
  
- Apple announces Mac OS X Server. Mac OS X Server is the Server version of Rhapsody, the consumer version will come later. Mac OS X Server contains lots of innovative features, like NetBoot, which lets you boot lots of iMacs from only one Mac, the Power Mac G3. It also has the QuickTime Streaming Server, the Apache Web Server, the Blue Box with Mac OS 8.5, and much more

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發表於 2001-11-27 22:25 |顯示全部樓層

Re:【分享】一些MacOS歷史資料

*NIX, 也可以這麼Cool~~偶像 :-)
瞧瞧書架上的ClassII,還有那LCD
快掉了Power Book 520.........
小企鵝啊小企鵝,快快長大吧~~~.
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